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How to defragment a hard drive

If you need to optimize the functioning of your computer and enhance its speed, then you can do so easily by defragmenting the hard drive of your computer.

The solution to the problem

Follow the instructions to defragment a hard drive:

  1. 1

    Click the ‘Start’ button to display the ‘Start’ menu.

  2. 2

    Select ‘Programs’ and select ‘Accessories’.

  3. 3

    Select ‘System Tools’ and select ‘Disk Defragmenter’. (The ‘Select Drive’ dialog box appears.)

  4. 4

    Select the drive to be defragmented from the drop-down list box and click ‘OK’. (The ‘Disk Defragmenter’ dialog box appears, stating whether or not defragmentation is recommended for the disk.)

  5. 5

    Click ‘Start’ to begin defragmentation immediately.

  6. 6

    Select ‘Advanced…’ to specify whether the drive should be checked for errors or to specify a defragmentation method. (The ‘Advanced Options’ dialog box appears.)

  7. 7

    Select one of the following from the ‘Defragmentation’ group:

    1. Select the ‘Full defragmentation (both files and free space)’ radio button to consolidate both free space and space recovered from defragmented files. (This option will take longer.)
    2. Select the ‘Defragment files only’ radio button to defragment files without consolidating free space on the disk.
    3. Select the ‘Consolidate free space only’ radio button to consolidate any free space on the disk (but without consolidating defragmented files).
    4. Click ‘OK’.
  8. 12

    Click ‘Start’ to begin the defragmentation.


You should be aware of the fact that defragmenting your computer’s hard drive provides limited functionality in maintaining disk performance by defragmenting volumes that use the FAT, FAT32, or NTFS file system. Selecting ‘Disk Defragmenter’ under ‘System Tool’s from ‘Programs’ can help you to defragment a hard drive on your system instantly.

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